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Friday, August 27, 2010

A Brief History of the Internet

Did you know that the inventor of the internet did not really make himself ultra rich in the likes of Bill Gates and the owners of Yahoo and Google?  His name is Tim Berners-Lee.  Unlike other inventors like Thomas Edison and Benjamin Franklin, he did not work on the invention by himself.  He was with CERN, the world's largest particle physics laboratory, when he proposed the World Wide Web based on his prototype system Enquire that he built.  He invented the World Wide Web, HTML (hypertext markup language), HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol) and URLs (Universal Resource Locators) in 1990.   He developed the first web browser and the first web server at CERN working closely with Robert Cailliau.  His invention is what started what we now do online.   Internet per se could have been envisioned by others but not exactly as how Berners-Lee etal did it.  It is very interesting to note that when researching now for internet history years back, most pointed to Tim Berners-Lee.  Researching on it now shows different people and organizations stating what they had done.  This is except for the ARPANET that is actually the forerunner of the internet.  After that, came the world’s first web address http://info.cern.ch/. 

The idea of Berners-Lee behind this is for CERN physicists share all the computer-stored information at the laboratory. Information then could be transferred easily over the internet by using hypertext, the now familiar point-and-click system of navigating through information.  From there on, the internet developed further into having other features like java script, PHP, ASP and others.  This would make now several web pages easier to navigate through links, pop-ups, tabs, scrolls, hyperlinks, and etcetera.   1991 was the turning point for the internet, though we may see as primitive now, it was then that testing was made on universal line mode browser.
Tim Berners-Lee founded the World Wide Web Consortium in 1994.  The consortium decided that their standards will be based on royalty-free technology so that it can be adopted by anyone.  With this, Berners-Lee and the consortium it shows that they did not take advantage on what could have been trillions or quadrillions of dollars for them.  So, for us internet users, we are lucky that we are not paying for more.  In connection with this, here is a quote of Mr. Tim Berners-Lee on what he wants:
I have a dream for the Web [in which computers] become capable of analyzing all the data on the Web – the content, links, and transactions between people and computers. A ‘Semantic Web’, which should make this possible, has yet to emerge, but when it does, the day-to-day mechanisms of trade, bureaucracy and our daily lives will be handled by machines talking to machines. The ‘intelligent agents’ people have touted for ages will finally materialize.”
– Tim Berners-Lee, 1999
Making the technology royalty free, the internet was made available to those who have telephones and computers.  There is the dial-up connection through a modem.  In this type of internet connection, you are not able to use the telephone independently while you are connected on the internet.  Except in other few areas, this type of internet connection is almost obsolete because of slow speed.  The common connection now is DSL (Digital Subscriber Line) a high speed connection that does not interfere with the voice service of the telephone.  This means to say that the telephone could be used while connected on the internet.  ISPs (Internet Service Providers) proliferated when the internet became commercial.  From wired telephone service connection it was followed by the wifi wireless broadband connection.  It is no longer necessary to have a telephone line to subscribe for a DSL internet connection.  Landline telephone companies followed suit in offering only DSL internet connection without necessarily subscribing to telephone service.  It might not be long from now the internet might just replace landline telephone for those who have computer internet service.  Being online has already the ‘chat’ messenger service where you could call through the computer and VoIP.  Not only that, with the web cam you can see the person you are talking with.

 So, that’s the brief history of the internet that is focused more on the World Wide Web for commercial use.  For internet history earlier than 1990, it was actually more LAN (Local Area Networking) because it was limited only to a group or area to access.  The connections were mostly direct to computers.

Wednesday, August 25, 2010

Format converter for one type to another

Uploading and downloading photographs, music, video, movies and articles, to or from computers, would sometimes have problems.  Some computers do not allow some formats that are not in the system but could be converted to another with a format converter.  It is the same way when trying to upload a photo to a web site.  Many websites allow only one format and its either JPEG, GIF or PNG for pictures.  For profile photos it should only be a small sized one, if not, it will ask you to trim it. The same could be said for MS word.  There have been different versions since Windows 95.  I am not sure if all the MS Word from the first version could be converted to the latest.  There is a converter for MS Word 2007 format to MS Word 2003.

File Converter for movies, videos and music with different formats is also available.  There is software that can be downloaded to practically convert them to any format compatible to your computer.  The software however has system requirements.  Make sure that you have the appropriate system for the application to function properly.  Even with just one missing requirement the software application will not work. Also, there are software player downloads available online that can play almost all formats.  Most can be downloaded for a 30-day free trial then you have to purchase the complete software.  WINamp can play several formats of video, movies and music without the need of a file converter.  A few formats could not be played probably due to security or compatibility reasons.

For photos, you can convert them in different formats if the save system offers the options.  If not, you can always copy-paste the photo at “Paint” then save as the format you want or need.

Friday, August 20, 2010

MP3s, iPods and other music devices

Our names even nicknames are music to our ears.  Next to that will be real music that pleases our ears.  What has been for us lately to play real music personally are CD/DVD, MP3, iPod and whatnot.  CD/DVDs are the only ones with recorded music that can be bought from music stores.  There is nothing that you can buy that go directly to other formats and play instantly.  For the music you like to get into those devices and play them, you will need software first to convert them in your computer then transfer the converted format.  For the new iPod model, it will be best to contact technical support for the touch versions on how to properly operate it.  It looks very similar to the older version that has button controls.  However, there could be different or additional functions that would be available on touch screen.  Support will definitely be of big help especially to those new to it.

The main problem in getting or downloading music to MP3 and iPod is the format.  When you buy CD/DVD and want it for MP3, it automatically converts it to the format once uploaded to the computer.  That would be a quick way to download it to an MP3 player through a USB port.  For iPods, it will have to go through a stage longer and require iTune software to do it.  Those who ask, ‘can I format my iPod’ will be actually a question of using another format other than MP3.  iPods are actually on MP3 format but needs to go through the iTune software for the music to download properly.  Music devices have their own security set-ups to provide the service.

Wednesday, August 18, 2010

First time buyers of used vehicle

This should help those who would, for first time buyers, own a used vehicle.  Especially for those who do not know anything about cars, first time to drive one, or, does not have any inclination to learn how a car works.
  • Don't buy a used car without anyone with you who is competent in checking used cars.
  • Don't be taken by the looks and additional accessories installed in the car.
  • During test drives don't be impressed on how smooth the car runs, it might be good only for test drives.
  • Make sure all gauges, lights and wipers work well, both when the engine is running and not on used vehicle.  Some of those should not work when ignition is off.
  • See that all tires have even wear and at least 75% tire life remaining.
  • If possible for first time buyers, test drive the car also with full passenger load, that is where weak suspension and noise would show, if any.
  • Lastly, if the car year model is 1994 and up, try to have On Board Diagnosis (OBD) be done.  It may be a little costly but worth saving the price you intend to pay for the car.
These are just basic tips for first time used vehicle owners.  I had to publish this because I pity a friend who trusted people, even mechanics at that, who took advantage of his ignorance as a first time buyer.  I am now the owner of that car and was able to correct the defects that it had.  We swapped cars with some cash he shelled out.  My car is 1994 his is 1989 of the same make and model.

Saturday, August 14, 2010

Superstition of Friday the 13th

The number 13 alone scares a lot people especially those superstitious.  The more they get scared when it is a Friday!  Take note also that in tall buildings 14 floors or higher, they would not number 13th floor as 13th floor!  Even if they don't number that floor 13, when floors are counted from below it's still the 13th floor, right?  Where did all these superstitions come from?

Having asked around and trying to look it up, Friday the 13th superstition points out to, believe it or not, something related to religion.  It is said that there are 12 apostles and Jesus is the 13th person when they are all together!  Now why would be 13 bad luck if that is Jesus' number?  Some say that 13 is only for Jesus, so for ordinary human beings - tough luck!

Linking Friday to 13 becomes more of bad luck, so they say, because Jesus was crucified on a Friday.  It was a matter of putting one and one together for the superstitious!  I have not checked if that Friday was a 13 and if it were, probably that's reason for Friday the 13th superstition as a bad luck day.

Thursday, August 12, 2010

Trade Shows and Display Booths

Actual presence of products or services on display is advertising in its best form.  This is how they do it during trade shows where manufacturers or service outfits show their wares.Most of the time the booths are relatively small, often side-by-side in a row. Making them attractive to members of the trade show and its guests will appeal better with a motif related to their products.  Even the trade show flooring could be decorated by each booth owner, of course without causing damage to the venue's floor.  Trade show venues often have concrete or marble flooring.  Putting in trade show carpet on the display booth's flooring adds a little more glamor.

There are also logo mats available in different sizes and shapes that could be placed maybe just before the booth entry carpet. A company logo is always a pride of the people who work there. It gives identity to the booth. People also look where they go and step on, and seeing the logo on the floor tells them the booth owner.

Ceilings of display show booths are mostly open except for some 'rafters' to hold the walls. Booth joists are also in place for lighting fixtures.  Other booths put logo canopy to emphasize more on their location when seen from a distance.  Some venues of trade shows are ground floors of hotels that could be viewed from upper floors.  
To cost conscious trade show participants, carpets, mats and canopies might be added cost.  They should bear in mind that the accessories are not one-time-use items.  After the trade show it could be used in their respective offices. 

Friday, August 6, 2010

Will your type of music tell something about you?

Like food and clothing, different people would have their own preference for music.  But would people having the same preference for music have the same thinking?  Let’s say lively music for people who love to go partying, will they necessarily have the same or similar thinking?  Mostly, they are lively people who go partying in groups and enjoy dancing to the tunes.  There are people also who love to listen to lively music but would not know how to dance!  They just savor the lively sound.  One thing we could make of the people who prefer lively music is that they are happy people.  It is the music that makes them feel alive and kicking!  They maybe like a little carefree, outgoing and sociable type of people.  In all probability most of them would be those who can easily get over rough times.

What about people who enjoy more than one type of music?  It seems that there are more people who have a varied preference for music.  Often said, music sets the mood of people.  If that would be the case, people with varied preference could change their mood by changing the music they are listening to?  That could be true of people who are not doing anything and just listening to music.  On a personal account, the type of music I listen to can easily change my mood when things around seem to go along.  There are times that I just prefer listening to just one type of genre, and that is how I arranged my play list at YouTube.

Thursday, August 5, 2010

Why FaceBook Membership has grown fast

FaceBook would easily be the hands-down top social network when it comes to membership.  It is the top social network in Australia, Canada, France, India, Germany, Italy, Spain, the United Kingdom and the United States.  It is now ranked No. 1 in Unique Visits (UV) followed by MySpace, Twitter, Flixter and LinkedIn.


The applications at Facebook would be the most visited like those of FarmVille, Cafe World, Mafia Wars and the like.  One thing about this applications, if you do not have or could not get real friends that actively participate in them you tend to be left behind or "lose".  Eventually you lose interest, or like what others do create another account just to help out on the applications you are into.


Yes, that's how it goes.  So, one member can create as many accounts possible in Facebook as long there are "aliases" in the information you put.  With that, you will also have to create several email addresses because each account has an email address as user name.  Now, if there are statistics that would show how many play or use the applications, there is a good tendency that accurate number of users might not be true.


In fact I have two accounts even if I have many active member friends.  The reason is they could only 'assist' one every 24 hours on what you need.  At times they can't even give the help or assistance you need.  With the other account, I can get exactly what I need.  That's how it goes and many members would have multiple accounts.  That's aside from orphaned accounts where members forgot or put in a wrong email address then created another or a second account.

Wednesday, August 4, 2010

Different listening delights to the sound of music

Music has been the longest time entertainment for people.  Being one of the oldest or the oldest form of entertainment would it have been invented, or, did it just come to people normally?  There are people who have the talent for it.  These modern times though, talent needs to be developed.  Would it have been the same in the ancient times when they were having music?  Watching movies about ancient times, it shows their music came from instruments. with some chants, maybe.  No movie showed people singing along with their music.  Probably music inventors only invented the notes, or put a name to the notes at the same time on how to write them.  If the people of ancient times did not have notes to read, how did they know what to play after each note to make it pleasing to the ears?  I like and play music but I only know how to read guitar notes and those written on the staff.

Countries have their own style of music and very distinctive.  Sometimes just hearing the music will let us know what country has that style of music.  After the country’s style of music, musicians developed their own style or genre of music.  Their music practically has their own characters.  For genre they are the likes of ballad, rock-n-roll, blues, classical, rap, pop and others.  There are also moods for music like happy, sentimental, love songs, birthday, wedding songs and even funeral songs.  Out of curiosity, are there songs celebrating or congratulatory for newborns?  If there is any, I have not heard of one yet.  Okay now song writers there, try to come up with some music for this.